The Great Wall of Fear

Photo by BBC World Service

We have decided to build a wall.  In our last election, we made this clear to the world.  Literally, we will place a wall on our southern border.  Figuratively, we will build a wall between the world and us.  The message is clear—we are us, you are you, stay out.

At home, though, the truth has obscured the clarity of that message. Walk across the street and ask your neighbors what they think about immigration.  Now walk to your next neighbor’s house, and your next neighbor’s.  You are going to hear some mixed messages on this topic and some of the messages may surprise you.

If you continued your walk all over the United States, here is what you would find.  You would likely be surprised to hear that only 13% of the people you talk to think immigration is the most important problem facing the country today.  You would also find only 39% of Americans think that building that wall on the U.S.-Mexico border is important.

You will hear most people want to allow children who arrive in the U.S. illegally to stay, they want to establish a pathway to citizenship for all immigrants who arrived illegally, and they actually want to encourage highly skilled immigrants to come to the U.S. to work.  Most people also want us to take in civilian refugees escaping war and violence.

On that same journey, you would hear about limitations people want to put on immigration.  Most people would tell you we need stricter policies to prevent overstaying of immigration visas, that we should prevent immigrants here illegally from getting government benefits, and that we should increase deportations.

So What’s the Problem?

So much of what you hear would depend on who is speaking.  If that person is young and identifies as a Democrat, you would most likely hear that immigrants strengthen our country with their strengths and talents, and we should find a way to help those here illegally stay legally.  If you are in a conversation with an older Republican, you are nearly guaranteed to hear the opposite.

We have areas of agreement on immigration, but it is obvious all of our opinions are highly dependent on who we are and on which side of the political spectrum we sit.

What is less obvious is the actual problem.  What problems are we trying to solve when it comes to immigration?  We hear of so much fear and anger swirling around this issue.  Yet, our goals on the subject are not clear.

Sifting through the myriad issues surrounding this topic we find several potential problems that come into focus as our primary concerns about immigration.

This is the second post in my continuing series on Immigration.  Stay tuned for the next post coming soon.  

Silos & Walls

Photo by Redd Angelo

Not long ago, I was riding in the car with Andrew, my youngest son.  All at once he matter-of-factly proclaimed, “Daddy, I just saw a hawk.” Once I acknowledged his proclamation he followed in his customary manner by asking a question.

“Do hawks hurt people?”

“No,” I responded, “they don’t really bother people at all.”

“Do other birds bother people?” he asked.

“No,” I said, thinking this over a bit.  “Birds are just kind of doing their own thing.”  After a moment I added a caveat, “Well, birds will bother you if you get too close to their house, which is their nest.  They don’t like that.”

The answer satisfied him, and he entered back into his realm of contemplative thumb-sucking.  It satisfied me, too.  That is, until I realized how plainly I had created a metaphor.


For quite some time now I have been perturbed by silos.  They are everywhere, dotting the entire landscape.  They often seem innocuous and easily escape our notice.  It is quite a marvel how invisible something is when it’s so familiar.

Of course, silos are not native only to my region, but occupy other cities, towns, and constituencies throughout the world.  Silos are constructed over time by people.

Once constructed, they stand stubbornly, allowing little in or out.  Once within a silo, one doesn’t have much of a view.  The walls are sturdy and opaque.  Light and fresh air struggle to reach the occupants inside.

Yet, these occupants so often stand just as stubbornly within the silo’s walls as those walls themselves.  It’s as if there is no recollection of the life and energy offered by the world outside.  Only a death grip on whatever remains within the walls, and the uncertainty of what lies beyond.

But pity they who threaten the silo!

Any threats, of reality or perception, will be met with the wrath of the mama red winged blackbird.  What I didn’t have the heart to tell Andrew at the moment of his innocent questioning, was that some birds would peck your eyes out if they could.

Look Out Below!

I’m pretty sure this is what he was really looking for, but the likelihood he will need to worry about this before his brain development moves further along is slim.  Of course, I will have to tell him someday.

This actually used to be a fairly common concern for me.  Not too long ago I was (and hopefully will be again someday) a runner.  When I first found an interest in distance running, I was living in a small Iowa town that was almost a perfect five miles in running circumference.

Five miles wasn’t quite enough, so I found myself wandering country roads fairly often.  In the late spring and early summer, I often shared these roads with angry mama red-wing blackbirds who wanted to peck my eyes out.

It was fascinating and terrifying.  They had no idea who they were messing with and they didn’t care.  They had one concern as they screeched and swooped toward my flailing form.  “Stay the hell away from my nest!”

I always understood their motives, and how these motives mixed with rational fear brought on by evolutionary biology.  You can see crows, sparrows, and their relatives fending off birds and animals of prey, too.

The mama’s thoughts and actions were always in every way logical and substantiated by evidence.  Silos, on the other hand, fly right in the face of evidence and reason.

No Man’s Island

Photo by Steinar Engeland

People need one another.  Every one of us.  Our ancestors realized this from the very beginning.  This is why we pack ourselves together so tightly.

It’s obvious in cities, but even in towns.  A drive in any direction from my home will take you toward another little town with houses packed neatly next to one another in the middle of nowhere.

What is it, then, that drives us so far apart?  It’s the same two emotions that drove those red-winged mamas straight for my skull: greed and fear.

We are greedy by nature.  We tend to think of greed as a vice, but it’s actually a useful evolutionary trait.  Our bodies are built to survive.

We feel the need to make sure we have enough, to make sure we have more.  This is what makes greed such a tricky prospect.  We feel it so strongly it blinds our ability to think.

When we feel threatened by encroaching forces, and feel like we might lose what we have, our fear ignites.


Once that fear grabs hold, we mount our defense.  We defend our possessions, our land, our opportunities, and our power.  We build walls.

Photo by Andre Ferreira

We quickly identify who among us is on our team, and we retreat behind our walls together.  Then, we begin our attack.

Together, we rally around all of the things that make the groups on the other side of the walls different.  We find a way to make them “other”.

We call them terrorists, criminals, cheaters, illegals, Muslims, Mexicans.  These words calm our fears.  They convince us we are right and righteous.

We give ourselves completely to our greed and our fear, and we completely fail to see that none of this makes any sense at all.

This path has abandoned all logic and reason.  We have locked rational thought out of our silos and placed it on the other side of our walls.

There is a better way forward—open our eyes and open our ears.  Open our minds to real solutions.  Walls and silos are not the answer.  Retreat is not the answer.  In the recent words of Pope Francis, “All walls fall. All of them. Do not be fooled.”

We need each other.  We learn from each other.  Greed and fear are a part of our biology, but it is our ability to think, to reason, to understand, and to solve that makes us human.